Optimized Energy for Serious Mitochondrial Needs ATP Fuel is designed to support the Krebs Cycle of cellular energy production. The Krebs Cycle takes place inside the mitochondria or power plant of the cell and it is the bodys primary energy producer. ATP Fuel is formulated for athletes and patients seeking optimized energy. ATP Fuel offers the top three energy nutrients and cofactors synergistically combined for maximum mitochondrial performance and energy production: NT Factor Energy NADH CoQ10 ATP Fuel starts with the base of our highly acclaimed NT Factor Energy, and adds the two other well-researched energy producing nutrients, NADH and CoQ10 into one convenient and power-producing formula. Plus ATP Fuel is available in capsules. NT Factor Energy - to repair mitochondrial membranes NT Factor Energy was developed as a phospholipid delivery system to repair mitochondrial membranes that have been compromised due to acute and/or long-term health challenges. Mitochondrial membranes contain their own DNA. If these membranes are damaged and not able to self-repair, they rely on healthy cells to donate their phospholipids. However, if there is a cascading impact of damaged cells splitting, the end result is a less than optimal energy level. The product's efficacy is based on our proprietary method of extracting and stabilizing the phospholipids, and delivering them intact in the lower intestine for proper absorption. Phospholipids are very unstable and often oxidize in the manufacturing process or in the digestive tract before they can be presented for absorption in the lower intestine. After we stabilize the phospholipids, we wrap them in probiotics and prebiotics. Next, we add minerals and other nutrients to assist in the Krebs Energy Cycle and absorption. When the capsule reaches the lower intestine, the pre and probiotics are released first to promote a healthy flora. We follow this with the release of the NT Factor portion, whose matrix very closely matches that of the gastro intestinal mucosa. As these phospholipids are transported from cell to cell, they are absorbed into the outer and inner mitochondrial membranes --- allowing the mitochondria to provide its natural and healthy level of energy. A healthy mitochondrial membrane: allows more nutrients into the mitochondria to support the Krebs Cycle of energy production is essential for the electron transport chain to efficiently produce healthy levels of ATP promotes healthier (reduced) level of oxidative stress NADH - to convert food into energy NADH is the reduced (electron- energy rich) coenzyme form of vitamin B3 or B-Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide. This "reducing" power (its ability to donate electrons) is what drives ATP production. NADH is fundamental in the chemical process of converting the food we eat into cellular energy. Each unit of NADH creates three units of ATP (the body's energy fuel). Studies conducted in Europe indicated that NADH promotes healthy energy levels and emotional balance. NADH is notoriously unstable. As part of our proprietary formula, we stabilize our NADH with chlorophyll, followed by microencapsulation process to resist gastric acids. Coenzyme Q10 - for ATP energy production Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is a compound found naturally in the energy-producing center of the cell known as the mitochondria. CoQ10 is involved in the making of ATP. ATP serves as the cell's major energy source and drives a number of biological processes including muscle contraction and the production of protein. CoQ10 also works as an antioxidant. CoQ10 promotes healthy energy levels, enhances the immune system, and acts as an antioxidant. A growing body of research suggests that using coenzyme Q10 supplements alone or in combination with other drug therapies and nutritional supplements supports the bodys health in promoting a healthy heart, promoting healthy periodontal (gum) condition, and in supporting cognitive and nerve health.* We source our CoQ10 from the highest quality Japanese raw material, ensuring optimal bioavailability. Mitochondria - what are they & why are they so important? Mitochondria are the primary energy producers in the body. The typical cell contains an average of 1,000 mitochondria. Given that there are 10 to the 13th power cells in a healthy adult, healthy and productive mitochondria are critical to maintain the body's energy and resilience. Recent studies have shown the importance to maintaining healthy mtDNA, the DNA which resides inside the mitochondria. Unlike standard DNA which has histones and introns to protect it from free radical damage, the mitochondrial DNA does not have this protective mechanism so it is much more exposed and more susceptible to oxidative damage (ROS or reactive oxidative stress). And since mitochondrial cell division takes place approximately every five to six days and replicates the damage existing in the old cells, the damaged mtDNA spreads rapidly. This is what eventually depletes the patient's energy level and may lead to abnormal cellular formation.